The real deep feelings may induce people to built awesome architectural constructions which haven’t any analog in the world. One of such example is the Taj Mahal. This huge mausoleum was built in the middle of 17th century by Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor, in the memory of his favorite and beloved wife – Mumtaz Mahal – who died in 1629 in childbirth. The emperor loved very much Mumtaz Mahal and her unexpected death became a big shock for him which he couldn’t overcome till his death in 1666.
Currently, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal is in the center of 42-acre complex, based in Agra city (India). Taj Mahal, which is made of white marble and semi- and precious stones, includes not only the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, but also the one of Shah Jahan, a mosque, a guest house, gardens and many fountains, in the water of which the mausoleum is reflected, and crenelated walls. This 239,5ft construction has 5 domes and 4 minarets (each is 131ft tall) in the corners which are tilted a little oppositely the tomb in order not to damage it if the building is destroyed. Taj Mahal is situated on a quite high platform that makes it rise above everything around.
Also, this monumental construction is decorated with many different interesting elements. They are based on abstract forms, calligraphy or vegetative motifs and are located on the Great Gate, minarets, mosque, plinth and on the surfaces of the tombs. As for the interior decoration of the Taj Mahal, each chamber’s wall inside is adorned with intricate lapidary inlay, dado bas-relief as well as refined calligraphy panels.